The removal of wisdom teeth, or third molars, is one of the most common minor surgical procedures done.
The wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt (grow) in the upper & lower jaw. Wisdom teeth usually grow through the gums during the late teens or early twenties. By this time, the other adult teeth are usually in place, so there isn’t always enough room in the mouth for the wisdom teeth to grow properly. Because of the lack of space, the wisdom teeth can sometimes emerge at an angle or get stuck and only partially emerge.Wisdom teeth that grow through like this are known as impacted. Hence the surgical procedure of impacted wisdom tooth has to be done.
Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face. Facial trauma can involve soft tissue injuries such as burns, lacerations and bruises, or fractures of the facial bones such as nasal fractures and fractures of the jaw, as well as trauma such as eye injuries or at times multiple facial bone fractures as in pan facial trauma. Symptoms are specific to the type of injury; for example, fractures may involve pain, swelling, loss of function, or changes in the shape of facial structures.
Facial injuries have the potential to cause disfigurement and loss of function; for example, blindness or difficulty moving the jaw can result. Although it is seldom life-threatening, facial trauma can also be deadly, because it can cause severe bleeding or interference with the airway; thus a primary concern in treatment is ensuring that the airway is open and not threatened so that the patient can breathe.
Depending on the type of facial injury, treatment may include suturing, wiring or plating of the bones mostly without a facial scar
Corrective jaw, or orthognathic surgery is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon (OMS) to correct a wide range of minor and major skeletal and dental irregularities, including the misalignment of jaws and teeth. Surgery can improve chewing, speaking and breathing. While the patient’s appearance may be dramatically enhanced as a result of their surgery, Orthognathic surgery is performed to correct functional problems.
Following are some of the conditions that may indicate the need for corrective jaw surgery:
TMJ HYPER/HYPO MOBILITY
TMD (JOINT DISORDERS)
CLICKING/POPPING SOUND (ON OPENING & CLOSING MOUTH)
EAR PAIN/ HEAD ACHES
BRUXISM (TOOTH GRINDING)
LOCKING JAW (SUBLUXATION)
ARTHROCENTESIS OF JOINT